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Being distressed and worried by the orphans and vulnerable children who are spending their life on the street without accessing education and looking school children who are begging outside at their break time to eat, who have great experience on children development have closely investigated the problem of children related to education through their life.
The first problem was many students do not have the access for school enrolment, he has seen many children who are sleeping, begging and spending their time on the street without choice instead of being in the school.
The second problem was lack of facilities; it was really heart breaking to see a student made faint after class because of hunger. Children who come from very low economic class family couldn’t eat their breakfast even.
The third problem was to see many drops out children because their family wanted them to work out side for survival.
Justification (adjust with Ethiopia, Amhara Region, Bahir Dar,( Atse Theodros Sub-City Study)
Ethiopia counts one of the largest populations of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC), estimated at 5,000, 000 children orphaned due to all causes – 900,000 of whom were orphaned by HIV/AIDS, (UNICEF Updated: 24 December 2013). According to (Index Mundi, Ethiopia Demographics Profile 2014) report, total population of Ethiopia is 91,728000. More than half (55%) of the population is between the age of 0 to 19 years. These highly vulnerable children (HVC) in Ethiopia are vulnerable to health, socio-economic, education, and psychological problems. This vulnerability is due to poverty, harmful child labour practices, and is partially a result of HIV/AIDS.
The problems facing orphans and vulnerable children in Ethiopia are enormous. Many orphans and vulnerable children are living on the streets; others live in child headed households, and others are being cared for by extended families or in residential care facilities. Poor families use incremental income to satisfy basic needs such as food, shelter, and clothing, before investing in a child’s education and health care. Ethiopian orphan and highly vulnerable children suffer from an appalling lack of access to education. There is massive need to support these orphans and vulnerable children.
Problem Analysis …….Education in Ethiopia
The Government of Ethiopia has a strong commitment to achieving education for all by 2015 and has a policy of inclusive education for all children. It has made significant progress in expanding access and increasing enrolment to general education. Having achieved enrolment of over 80% it now wishes to concentrate on sharpening its policies and programmers to extend equity and quality.
Equity and Exclusion factors
The field research which has been revealed in January 2014 by Department for International Development confirms the findings of the literature review that the main determinants of inequity and exclusion from education in Ethiopia are: poverty and food insecurity, child labour both at home and commercially, distance especially to second level school, gender disparities and in particular early marriage, and a pastoralist way of life.
The impact of poverty and food insecurity cannot be under-estimated as parents are unable to provide children with clothing, food, and educational materials. Coping strategies manifest themselves in a high demand for child labor (from both girls and boys) to contribute to household work and to earn an income causing them to be absent, have insufficient time for study, or drop out of school altogether. Young boys may be withdrawn from school to work on commercial enterprises. (Department for International Development) in January 2014.
In Ethiopia, children must pay a yearly fee to enrol in public school but they must also have a compulsory uniform, shoes and school supplies. This may seem like a nominal amount but for many children it is the barrier that prohibits their being able to attend school.
The United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2014) contends that serious barriers to enrolment include the direct cost to households, which is not just school fees but textbooks, school supplies, and compulsory uniforms. Other barriers may include the distance to school, overage children, pastoralist children, school dropouts, long gaps in attendance, gender inequality, working children, poor children, orphans, and children affected by HIV/AIDS(Education for all: Global monitoring report, 2014
PROJECT ANALYSIS 1. Background Being distressed and worried by the orphans and vulnerable children who are spending their life on the street without accessing education and looking school children who are begging outside at their break time to eat, who have great experience on children development have closely investigated the problem of children related toContinue reading “melkamhiwot.wordpress.com”
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1. Background Being distressed and worried by the orphans and vulnerable children who are spending their life on the street without accessing education and looking school children who are begging outside at their break time to eat, who have great experience on children development have closely investigated the problem of children related to education throughContinue reading “Melkam Hiwot Leenatochena Hitsanat Yebego Adiragot Dirgit”
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